Local Delivery Antibiotics
Local delivery antibiotics are antibiotic medications that are strategically placed in the periodontal pockets to deliver a specific dose of medication over a set period of time. There are various forms of local delivery antibiotics can come in, such as chips, fibers, polymers, and trays.
When treating periodontal disease, dentists look to accomplish three things. Namely, these things are: eliminating pathogens, halting disease progression, and returning the patient back to good dental health. To accomplish this, most periodontal treatments begins with periodontal scraping and root planing. Once this is completed, the dentist is one step further in eliminating pathogens and halting disease progression. After this, the local delivery antibiotic can be placed. It has been found that a local delivery antibiotic placed after a root scaling and planing procedure is one of the most effective ways to treat gum disease.
Did you know…
Did You Know…
Approximately 300 strains of bacteria have been found in the periodontal pockets and certain forms of periodontal treatment can only eliminate a small fraction? Local delivery antibiotics can significantly decrease the number of bacteria residing in deep periodontal pockets.
Frequently Asked Questions
What Are The Benefits of Local Delivery Antibiotics?
Unlike other antibiotics, local delivery antibiotics are applied to a specific site. This means that there is a higher concentration of medication in the affected area and a much lower concentration throughout the rest of the body. This decreases the chances of side effects, as well as decreases the risk of bacterial resistance.
How Do Local Delivery Antibiotics Work?
Local delivery antibiotics work by directly applying treatment to the source. This is especially effective since the majority of bacteria associated with periodontal disease reside in the periodontal pockets. While other treatments can reach and treat various areas of the mouth, most cannot reach into these pockets. This leaves a good amount of bacteria behind to reproduce and continue to progress the disease.
What types of Local Delivery Antibiotics Are There?
The types of local delivery antibiotics include Periochip, Atridox, Actisite, Arrestin, and Perio Protect. All these different types have a different antibiotic and their own method of delivery. Medications delivered include the tetracycline family (tetracycline, doxycycline, myocine), erythromycin and clindamycin, and metronidazole. Modes of delivery include chips, fibers, polymers, and trays. These are easily placed in the gum pockets.